Special Balinese Holidays.

Galungan & Kuningan

The Balinese use two traditional calendars, very different to the Gregorian calendar used in the west.

  • The main calendar used in Bali is Pawukon. One year equals 210 days.
  • The second calendar used is Saka. This calendar starts each month after the new moon.

In the lead up to Galungan and Kuningan, the talented Balinese make spectacular religious displays, seen all over Bali. The most recognisable symbol of this is a ‘Penjor’ which symbolises the fight of good (dharma) over evil (adharma). It also serves as an offering of thanks and devotion to God in his manifestation as the God of the Mountain.

So What Is a PENJOR?

The PENJOR is both an offering to the God AND a temporary place of worship. Penjor’s are placed in front of family compounds, shops, businesses and at many of the temples found all over Bali. They are erected facing holy Mt Agung (Kaja/North side); and made from a tall, curved bamboo pole, decorated with leaves, padi / dried rice stalks and offerings. Due to their height, (sometimes more than ten metres high), they droop charmingly like ancient street lamps. At the base of the Penjor is a small temple where daily offerings are made during the 10 days of Galungan and Kuningan. Offerings are placed in this temporary “throne” for the Gods when they come down to Earth to celebrate Galungan. If you take a close look at a Penjor, you’ll notice that at the very tip hangs a decorative circle OR Sampian which symbolises the cosmic wheel of life. During Galungan and Kuningan celebrations, these beautiful Penjor make a spectacular display as they sway gently in the wind. http://www.angelhouseubud.com


The neighbourhood lanes with the Penjor draping above.


Angel House Ubud Penjor

Penjor for Galungan and Kuningan at Angel House Ubud

Temple at base of Penjor

Galungan and Kuningan. Penjor